Civil War Facts

Facts About the Civil War / American Civil War Facts

We’ve compiled a list of the most common Civil War Facts. From the start of the American Civil War, to the surrender of the last Confederate troops, there are plenty of facts to keep even the most-learned Civil War buff interested.

- The first shots of the American Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina on April 12, 1861. At 4:30am, Confederate general P.G.T. Beauregard bombarded the fort defended by Union forces under Union Major Robert Anderson.

- Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter for 34 straight hours before the Union forces finally surrendered the fort by abandoning it.

- President Abraham Lincoln immediately called for 75,000 volunteers to be raised for 90 days to help defend Union forts from Confederate attacks.

- There were an estimated 625,000 men killed in the American Civil War on both sides.

- 365,000 of those killed fought for the Union and 265,000 for the Confederacy.

- Of the 365,000 killed on the Union side, only 140,414 were killed in action. Of the 265,000 killed on the Confederate side, only 72,524 were killed in action. The rest succumbed mostly to sickness and disease.

- Close to 2,100,000 men fought for the Union over the course of the war, and 1,064,000 fought for the Confederacy.

- Over 10,000 separate military engagements took place over the 4-year war.

- 40% of those engagements were fought in Tennessee and Virginia.

- Prior to the war the Union had a population of 22,100,000. and the Confederacy 9,100,000.

- Union had 97% of firearm production while the Confederacy had 3%.

- Pre-war exports: Union 30%, Confederacy 70%

- Confederate bales of cotton in 1860 were 4,500,000. and in 1864 dropped to 300,000.

- 10% of Union males between 20-45 died in the war and 30% of Confederate males from 18-40.

- More Americans were killed in the Civil War (625,000) than in all American engagements combined before and since.

- The single bloodiest engagement of the war was the Battle of Gettysburg with 51,000 casualties over 3 days of fighting.

- The single bloodiest day of the war was at the Battle of Antietam with 23,000 casualties in one day of fighting.

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